Pronoun and Types of Pronouns

What is a Pronoun?

In grammar, a pronoun is defined as a word or phrase that may be substituted for a noun or noun phrase, which once replaced, is known as the pronoun’s antecedent. How is this possible? In a nutshell, it’s because pronouns can do everything that nouns can do. A pronoun can act as a subject, direct object, indirect object, object of the preposition, and more.

Types of Pronouns

Pronouns can be divided into numerous categories including:

  • Indefinite pronouns – those referring to one or more unspecified objects, beings, or places

  • Personal pronouns – those associated with a certain person, thing, or group; all except you have distinct forms that indicate singular or plural number

  • Reflexive pronouns – those preceded by the adverb, adjective, pronoun, or noun to which they refer, and ending in –self or –selves

  • Demonstrative pronouns – those used to point to something specific within a sentence

  • Possessive pronouns – those designating possession or ownership

  • Relative pronouns – those which refer to nouns mentioned previously, acting to introduce an adjective (relative) clause

  • Interrogative pronouns – those which introduce a question

  • Reciprocal pronouns – those expressing mutual actions or relationship; i.e. one another

  • Intensive pronouns – those ending in –self or –selves and that serve to emphasize their antecedents


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